v. 1: to trace or form words on the surface of a material, as with a pen, pencil, or other instrument or means
syn: record

n. 1.: anything expressed in letters
syn: publication


[selected academic articles, chapters, etc.]

My Aunt's Mamilla
Tawil-Souri, H. Jerusalem Quarterly, forthcoming 2014

Cinema as the Space to Transgress Palestine's Territorial Trap
Tawil-Souri, H. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, Special issue on Palestinain Cinema forthcoming 2014

abstract: Palestinian national cinema is interpreted through the lens of a 'structure of feeling' in order to address the reality of Palestinians reconstituting themselves in relation to changing geographies. Palestinians must constantly negotiate the tensions between mobility and immobility, whether in exile or diaspora, inside Israel, or within the Territories. Connecting thse lived geographies to film, the author argues that analytic frameworks which refiy Palestine as a territorially-defined bounded stable order are ill-suited for a treatment of Palestinian national cinema. Touching on film production, narrative tropes and filmic locations, the author argues that cinema serves as a space to transgress Palestine's territorial trap. Cinema as a structure of feeling allows for a more elastic, transgressive, and encompassing understanding of Palestine and Palestinians.

Intifada 3.0? Cyber Colonialism and Palestinian Resistance
Tawil-Souri, H. and M. Aouragh. Arab Studies Journal, forthcoming 2014

abstract: This article problematizes 'internet activism' in the Palestinian context by analyzing the relationship of internet and politics through the prism of on-the-ground local praxis, and analyzing how Palestinian internet spaces are grounded to offline materialities. Drawing on ethnographic reserach in Palestine/Israel, the article highlights how the internet can provide empowering spaces significant for grassroots activism. It also unveils the political economy of the internet in Palestine and how it can shape to inhibit that very activism.

Israel's Digital Occupation of Gaza [in Arabic] [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Omran, Special edition on Surveillance.

Networking Palestine: Creating and Limiting Media and Technology Flows
Tawil-Souri, H. The Oslo Accords 1993 - 2013: Twenty years with what Results? eds. Petter Bauck and Mohammed Omer Moghayyer. AUC Press, 2013

The Hi-Tech Occupation of Palestine
Tawil-Souri, H. State Power 2.0: Authoritarian Entrenchment and Political Engagment Worldwide, eds. Philip Howard and Muzammil Hussais. Ashgate, 2013

Egypt’s Uprising and the Shifting Spatiality of Politics
Tawil-Souri, H. Cinema Journal 51, 2012.

Digital Occupation: The High-Tech Enclosure of Gaza
Tawil-Souri, H. Journal of Palestine Studies 42: 27-43, 2012.

abstract: In disengaging from the Gaza Strip in 2005, Israel did not end the occupation but technologized it through purportedly “frictionless” hightechnology mechanisms. The telecommunications sector was turned over to the Palestinian Authority under Oslo II and subcontracted to Palestine Telecommunications Company (PALTEL), furthering a neoliberal economic agenda that privately “enclosed” digital space. Coming on top of Israel’s ongoing limitations on Palestinian land-lines, cellular, and Internet infrastructures, the result is a “digital occupation” of Gaza characterized by increasing privatization, surveillance, and control. While deepening Palestinian economic reliance on Israel and making Palestinian high-tech firms into dependent agents, digital occupation also enhances Israel’s territorial containment of the Strip.

It’s Still About the Power of Place
Tawil-Souri, H. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5(1): 88-97, 2012

abstract: Against the claim that the uprisings in Egypt were driven by social media, this article argues that territorial place continues to be a fundamentally important aspect of political change—even within the realm of media. Two key arguments are made: first, that territoriality and place are integral to media networks and infrastructures themselves; and second, that media studies needs to give greater importance to such a geography. The author argues that while the uprisings displayed a shifting spatiality, it is nonetheless one that is rooted in real places and embodied practices.

Review Essay: Mapping Israel-Palestine
Tawil-Souri, H. Political Geography 30(8): 57-60, 2012.

Uneven Borders, Colored (Im)mobilities: ID Cards in Palestine/Israel
Tawil-Souri, H. Geopolitics 17(2) 2012

abstract: The Israeli state apparatus mandates differentiated IDs to Palestinian citizens of Israel, Palestinian non-citizens in East Jerusalem, Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza. Thebureaucracy of Palestinian IDcards since 1948 has rendered Palestinians more legible for the security interests of Israel while simultaneously discriminating Palestinians from Jews as unequal citizens and non-citizens. The ID card regime, and less so the permit regime, limits Palestinian geographic movement and economic mobilitywhile simultaneouslypermits freer Jewish-Israeli flows and mobilities. ID cards demonstrate the power of the Israeli regime to produce distinct people and bind them to specific territories (such as the Palestinians), while allowing others (Jewish-Israelis) to ‘trespass’ over those same boundaries. Through ID cards borders are erected between Jewish and Arab people, not Israeli and Palestinian territory. The ID card regime puts into question the nature and territorial boundaries of ‘Israel’, and the geopolitical existence of the ‘Palestinian Territories.’

The ‘War on Terror’ in Arab Media [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. In Daya Thussu and Des Freedman (Eds.), Media and Terrorism: Global Perspectives (241-254). Thousand Oaks: SAGE, 2012

chapter abstract: How do the 300 million people in the Arab world view the ‘war on terror’? In her contribution, Helga Tawil-Souri contests the notion of the Arab world as a homogeneous entity or assumptions about the existence of a unified Arab media voice. Instead, she contends, there are a range of Arab media voices, given the diversity of Arab nations, in terms of their histories, levels of socio-economic development, media systems and potential for democratization. Tawil-Souri strongly argues that there are competing Arab and Islamic visions on the war on terror and on the concept of jihad itself. She notes that the war on terror has been used by Arab governments to suppress oppositional voices – whether Islamic, Islamist or jihadist. Dismissing the claim that there is such a thing as a ‘global jihad’, she argues that the primary targets of Islamists are not the West but Arab governments, which are seen as not practising Islamic conduct. She also debunks the myth about the power and popularity of online ‘jihadist media’ in the Arab landscape, arguing that broadcasting is the most popular form of media production and consumption, especially pan-Arab satellite channels.

Where is the Political in Cultural Studies? In Palestine [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. International Journal of Cultural Studies 16(1): 1-16, 2012
abstract: By drawing on scholarship that focuses on cinema and music, the author argues that the very act of ‘creating culture’ in the contemporary Palestinian period is a form of political resistance. Second, given political conditions of countering Zionist/Israeli erasures, the study of Palestinian culture is also a form of political resistance. The author argues that the resistance at the heart of the two ‘analytics’ of culture and cultural studies is imperative.

Colored Identity : The Politics and Materiality of ID Cards in Palestine/Israel [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Social Text 107: 67-97. Summer 2011

abstract: In Palestine/Israel, different colored identification cards are mandated by the Israeli state apparatus to Palestinians in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and those who are citizens of Israel. The article traces the development of the bureaucracy of the Palestinian ID card since the establishment of Israel and suggests that modern-day ID cards in Palestine/Israel are physical and visible instruments of a widespread low-tech surveillance mechanism to control mobility and a principal means for discriminating, both positively and negatively, subjects' privileges and rights. ID cards are both the spaces in which Palestinians confront, tolerate, and sometimes challenge the Israeli state, and a mechanism through which Palestinian spatiality, territoriality, and corporeality are penetrated by the Israeli regime. Vital in the control and differentiation of Palestinian populations, what makes ID cards unique in the Palestinian/Israeli case is that their materiality is one of their most important and resonant aspects. The article describes various representations of the ID cards, for example in poetry and in murals, to show how they also function as sites of remediation, spaces and moments of renegotiation for their bearers, subject to counter-hegemonic representations, interpretations, and uses. As a special kind of material object, ID cards are an effective and low-tech means of surveillance and differentiation and an important nexus of Israeli power, demonstrating the institutional materiality of the state apparatus's constitution in subjects' everyday life; but they have also become important because they allow a poetics of political resistance.

A Space Exodus: A Truly Palestinian Film (Larissa Sansour, dir.) [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Film Review in Jadaliyya. Summer 2011

Qalandia: An Autopsy [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Jerusalem Quarterly 45, Summer 2011

Qalandia Checkpoint as Space and Non-Place [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Space and Culture 14(1), Winter 2011: 4-26

abstract: This article analyzes checkpoints in the Palestinian Territories and how they function as both a unique anthropological space and a nondescript nonplace. First, the author describes the birth of modern-day checkpoints, their formations, variations, and functions. Then, based on ethnographic research at the Qalandia checkpoint, halfway between Ramallah and Jerusalem, the author shows how the checkpoint is an economic and social hub and argues that it is an “anthropological space.” Qalandia and checkpoints generally can also be theorized as “nonplaces,” akin to airports, that are interstitial zones that sever Palestinian space-time. Finally, the author suggests that checkpoints play a central and symbolic role in Palestinian society that bespeaks the core predicament of Palestinian existence within a paradoxical and disordered relationship to geography over which Israel continuously attempts to exert control.

Qalandia Checkpoint: The Historical Geography of a Non-Place [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. in Jerusalem Quarterly 42, Summer 2010.

Walking Nicosia, Imagining Jerusalem [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. in Re-Public: Re-Imagining Democracy, Special Issue on Cities in Turmoil, August 2010.

Towards a Palestinian Cultural Studies [link to pdf]
Tawil-Souri, H. Guest Editor, Special Issue of Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 2(2) October 2009

New Palestinian Centers: An Ethnography of the ‘Checkpoint Economy’ [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. International Journal of Cultural Studies 12(3): 217-235, Spring 2009

abstract: Based on an ethnography of Palestinian checkpoint workers, the author suggests that new and emerging ‘checkpoint economies’ are transforming politically contested boundaries into important economic centers. Focusing on taxi drivers, porters, merchants and peddlers at the West Bank’s Qalandia checkpoint, halfway between Jerusalem and Ramallah, the article tracks the growth of checkpoints and their ad hoc economy, and of Qalandia specifically, and argues that although checkpoints are technologies of Israeli military control, they are also renegotiated spaces of resistance.

Arab Television in Academic Scholarship [link]
Tawil-Souri, H. Sociology COMPASS 2: 1400-1415, August 2008
abstract: Over the past 10 years, there has been an exponential increase in satellite television in the Arab world, with programming ranging from music videos to news, from reality TV programs to Islamic talk shows. Concurrent with this development has been the growth of academic scholarship on understanding the relationship between Arab television and social and political transformations in the Middle East. This article provides an overview of Arab television growth, especially that of pan-Arab satellite channels such as Al-Jazeera, and of scholarship about it. Academic work that focuses on theories of media globalization and the public sphere, and that is in conversation with Western journalism and global media studies, is highlighted.

Americanizing Palestine Through Internet Development [link]
Tawil Souri, H., in Internationalizing Internet Studies, Eds. Gerard Goggin and Mark McLelland. 2008

The Political Battlefield of pro-Arab Videogames on Palestinian Streets [link]
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 27(3):536-551, November 2007. Special Issue of Mediated Politics in the Middle East

Global and National Forces for a Nation-State Yet to be Born: The Paradoxes of Palestinian Television Policies [link]
Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture 4(3):4-25, September 2007

abstract: Tracing the history of Palestinian television industry from its birth in 1993 to the mid-2000’s, this paper analyzes changing television policies and discusses the influences of the Palestinian Authority and Israel in hijacking media policy for their own political purposes. Palestinian broadcasting regulations have been caught in a bind: reflecting the geographic, political and economic conditions of the Territories – fragmented, isolated and in a state of arrested development; and, responding to regional cultural changes, such as the rise of pan-Arab satellite television, and political challenges stemming from the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Move over Bangalore, here comes... Palestine? Western Funding and 'Internet Development' in the Shrinking Palestinian State [link]
Tawil Souri, H. in Global Communications: Towards a Transcultural Political Economy, Eds. Paula Chakravartty and Yuezhi Zhao, 2007: 263-284.

volume description: This provocative book takes a new approach toward understanding the uneven flows of global communications. Rather than guiding its discussion by geography, types of media, or traditional separations of power and resistance, Global Communications examines political economic power and communication in relation to historically specific encounters with modernity. It underscores lived experiences in its approach to globalization showing that the state and the market can both be sites of empowerment, just as civil society might also be a site of repression. Taking a political-economic analysis of communication and culture, this dynamic group of international authors looks beyond developments in the North American information and culture industries to map new forms of citizenship and exclusion. The chapters spotlight China, Ghana, India, Japan, Palestine, Russia, Singapore, and Venezuela, and foreground the transnational formations of the European Union, the pan-Arab and Spanish-speaking markets, and civil society actors in sub-Saharan African, the Middle East, and North America. Theoretically driven and empirically grounded, Global Communications defines communication broadly to include production, circulation, and consumption and addresses urgent questions about the inequalities of globalization and the possibilities of hybrid cultural forms and practices.

Marginalizing Palestinian Development: Lessons against peace. [link]
Souri, H. T, Development 49(2): 75-80, Spring 2006

abstract: Helga Tawil Souri argues that since 1993 American development projects in the Palestinian territories have focused on ‘peace-building’. Tawil Souri underlines that peace-oriented American funding has not strengthened the Palestinian economy but marginalized indigenous civic institutions, resulting in further impoverishment of Palestinians and the continuation of a political conflict invoked as a reason for global terrorism. The failures of American development projects in the Palestinian Territories have resulted in further justifying violence against the US.

Coming Into Being and Flowing Into Exile: History and Trends in Palestinian Film-Making. [link]
Tawil, H. Nebula 2(2): 113-140, June 2005



[selected non-academic writings]

The (Hollowed) Politics of Assaf's Idolatry
In CounterPunch [op-ed / 2013] [link]

Palestinian Takes on Occupy Wall Street
In Media Res, Occupy Wall Street Theme [short post / 2011] [link]

Hacking Palestine: A Digital Occupation
Al Jazeera [op-ed / 2011] [link]

Occupy Wall Street to Global Intifada
Al Jazeera [op-ed / 2011] [link]

them/us. me/you. palestinian/israeli
Mizna: Prose, Poetry and Art Exploring Arab America 12, 57-58 [poetry / 2011]

The IDF’s YouTube Channel During the 2009 Gaza War
Tawil-Souri, H. In MediaRes, “Media and Conflict”, March-April 2009 [link]

Reports from the West Bank
for Mariborski RadioMars, Maribor, Slovenia [news reports / 2005] [link]

Belonging to Both Sides
Ma'ariv 42 Degrees, Tel Aviv, Israel [op-ed / 2003]

Reports from the West Bank
for Mariborski RadioMars, Maribor, Slovenia [news reports / 2003] [link]

the influences of (folksongs cucumbers olives and cheese)
MIZNA: Prose, Poetry and Art Exploring Arab America 3 [poetry / 2001]

Childhood in Lebanon
MIZNA: Prose, Poetry and Art Exploring Arab America 3 [poetry / 2001]